Abartma İfadeleri

Yeni neslin bir şeyi abartmak için kullandığı 3 ifade dikkatimi çekti: Hayvan gibi, öküz gibi ve ayı gibi. Hangi durumda hangisinin kullanıldığını merak edenler için ufak bir açıklama yapmak istiyorum.
Eğer sayıyla ölçülebilen bir şey abartılacaksa, “ayı gibi” ifadesi tercih ediliyor. Mesela “Fiyatını gördün mü, ayı gibi”.
Eğer sayıyla ölçülemeyecek bir şey abartılacaksa, “hayvan gibi” ifadesi tercih ediliyor. Mesela “Hayvan gibi ders çalıştım kaç gündür”.
Eğer işin içinde kabalık varsa, “öküz gibi” ifadesi tercih ediliyor. Mesela “Öküz gibi bakmayın kızlara”.
Üçünü bir arada cümle içinde kullanmak gerekirse; “Hayvan gibi acıkmıştık, restoranda öküz gibi döke saça yedik ve ayı gibi hesap geldi”.
Katkılarından dolayı sevgili Özge Estekin’e teşekkürler 😉

How To Correct The Local File Glitch of Spotify on a Mac

Recently, I have experienced & solved a minor glitch of Spotify on my Mac. I would like to share the solution with everyone out there.
I have deleted a large quantity of local MP3 files “because of reasons”. After I restarted Spotify, I have experienced two problems:
  • The deleted files were still listed under “Local files”
  • I couldn’t stream any song which used to be a local file
Among countless suggestions on online forums, only one worked for me. After quitting Spotify, open terminal and execute the following command:
mv "`mdfind local-files.bnk`" "`mdfind local-files.bnk`.old"
The command above will rename the local-files.bnk file, which stores the local file list. This forces Spotify to re-scan the local folders and re-build the file; and voila! Everything goes back to normal.
In case anything goes wrong in Spotify, one could rename local-files.bnk.old back to local-files.bnk.
If you happen to have multiple instances of “local-files.bnk” files belonging to various applications, this command would rename them all and potentially confuse other applications as well; but this is very improbable. I don’t think that any other application would have such a file.

Metronom Tutturmak

“You can’t hold no groove if you ain’t got no pocket” (Victor Wooten)

Gelen sorular üzerine; enstrüman çalarken metronom tutturmak hakkında ufak bir kılavuz hazırlamak istedim.

Hızlanıp yavaşlamadan sabit bir hızda çalabilmek, müzisyenliğin önemli kriterlerinden biridir. Bu görev daha çok vurmalı çalgılara yüklense de, aslında gruptaki herkes zamanı tutturmaktan sorumludur.

Bu iş, “Inner Clock” denen içsel bir kasa dayalıdır. Bu kas, aynen spor gibi, egzersiz yaptıkça güçlü kalır, yapmadıkça zayıflar. Diğer bir deyişle; sabit hızda çalabilme egzersizleri sürekli yapılmalıdır.

Bu konuda farklı seviyeler vardır. Bazı kişilerde bu kas o kadar gelişmiştir ki, herhangi bir metronom kaynağı olmadan sabit hızda çalabilir. Bazıları tek başına zamanı tam tutturamaz; ancak metronom klikleri üzerine sabit hızda çalabilir. Bazıları metronom kliklerini tutturamaz, ancak bir davulcu veya altyapı üzerine çalıyorsa biraz dalgalanmakla birlikte zamanı tutturabilir. En çok çalışmaya ihtiyaç duyanlar ise, sabit davul / altyapıya rağmen dalgalanma yaşayanlardır.

Peki; bu içsel kasımızı nasıl geliştireceğiz?

Bu işin ilk adımı, metronom ile çalışmaktır. Metronomu (mesela) 90 BPM gibi sabit bir hıza ayarlayıp, sevdiğimiz bir motifi bu klikleri dinleyerek çalabiliriz. Hızlandığımız veya yavaşladığımız noktalarda tekrar metronoma döneriz. Bu şekilde, beyin metronomla senkron olma konusunda eğitilir ve yukarıda bahsettiğimiz kas kuvvetlenmeye başlar. Bu egzersiz, 90 BPM’den farklı hızlarda da yapılmalıdır elbette.

Teknolojinin gelişmesiyle birlikte, “Inner Clock” kasını geliştirecek yardımcı uygulamalar da çıktı tabii. Bu konuda örnek olarak Time Guru adlı uygulamayı verebilirim (başka uygulamalar da var).

Bu uygulama; standart bir metronomun işini yapmanın yanı sıra, metronom vuruşlarının arasında belirleyeceğiz oranda boşluk da bırakabiliyor. Örneğin; “90 BPM’de metronom ver, ancak %50 boşluk bırak” diyebiliyoruz. Bu şekilde, metronomu “TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK TIK” şeklinde duymak yerine “TIK TIK TIK (boş) (boş) TIK TIK (boş) TIK (boş) (boş) TIK” şeklinde duyuyoruz.

Bu da, bizi metronom üzerine çalmaktan metronom olmadan da çalabileceğimiz bir noktaya taşımış oluyor. Beyin; sadece iki vuruş arasında değil, boşluklar üzerinden de senkronize olmaya alışmaya başlıyor. Uzun vadede boşluk oranını arttırarak, herhangi bir metronom kaynağına ihtiyaç duymadan zamanı tutturabileceğimiz bir noktaya yaklaşabiliriz.

Ancak; yürümeden koşmamak lazım. Önce altyapı üzerine sallanmadan çalabilmeli, akabinde metronomla sallanmadan çalabilmeli, ondan sonra bu boşluk bırakma egzersizlerine başlamalıyız.

Two Factor Theory: An Approach to Life Satisfaction

During my conversations, a subject I often need to address is overall life satisfaction. Having more possessions or luxury in life is supposed to bring satisfaction; but in fact, they often reduce life satisfaction instead.

In this article, I will explain this phenomenon with the help of Herzberg’s “Two Factor Theory”, and discuss why you would want to have motivators for a balanced life satisfaction.

Two Factor Theory

In the academic world of motivation, Herzberg came up with a theory called “Two Factor Theory”. According to his approach; a workplace has two sets of factors.

Hygiene factors cover the materialistic elements; such as job security, salary, benefits, laptop quality, vacations, etc. Those factors can carry an employee from the point of dissatisfaction to a neutral point, but they won’t really satisfy and motivate.

Motivators cover internal factors; such as recognition, responsibility, meaningfulness, decisiveness, initiative, sense of importance, etc. Those factors can carry an employee from the neutral point to the point of satisfaction and motivation.

Every work position will fulfill a certain degree of hygiene factors & motivators. Some positions will bring high hygiene + high motivation, which is the ideal situation. Some will bring high hygiene + low motivation, where employees will have few complaints but no motivation. Some will bring low hygiene + high motivation, where employees will be engaged but will complain a lot. Some will bring low hygiene + low motivation, where employees will seek their way out of the company.

The basic idea is; hygiene factors won’t satisfy and motivate. Motivators do. But motivators won’t work if your hygiene factors lack dramatically.

Implementation To Life

Now, let’s project this idea to our lives.

Life, in general, has hygiene factors as well. Car brands, smartphone, pretty clothes, physical appearance, a house, restaurants, luxury vacations, fashion hair styles are all hygiene factors. Projecting Herzberg’s idea, those factors can carry you from the point of life dissatisfaction to a neutral point, but they won’t really satisfy and motivate.

On the other hand, life has motivators as well. Good health, clean conscience, usefulness, selflessness, success, personal development, helping others are some of the significant motivators in life. Projecting Herzberg’s idea, those factors can carry you from the neutral point to the point of life satisfaction.

This idea leans toward Maslow. If you dramatically lack hygiene factors, you would be disssatisfied with life. If you decently fulfill hygiene factors, you come to a neutral point but you aren’t satisfied. When you add up motivators on top of decent hygiene factors, you will be satisfied with life.

Therefore, fulfillment of hygiene factors is a prerequisite for satisfaction, but it is only the first step to bring you to point zero. Motivators will add up satisfaction.

Balancing Factors

Many people share a common illusion: “If I boost my hygiene factors as much as possible, my satisfaction will maximize”. However; this is often not the case.

To a certain degree, hygiene factors correspond to needs. After that point, they start corresponding to desires. Like all kinds of desires, the happiness provided by excess hygiene factors is temporary; and you need to possess more and more to feel the same level of happiness.

In other words, boosting hygiene factors makes it harder to enjoy anything; and gives no real satisfaction at all. That might be a reason why some people unsuccessfully seek pleasure in luxury possessions, high fashion, aesthetic enhancements, drugs, adrenaline sports, alcohol, peculiar sexual relations, etc. In fact, this is an infinite loop.

The way out of this loop is to introduce motivators into your life.

Do you keep improving yourself over the course of your life? How many people did you help improve in the last year? What do you do to contribute to the society and be a useful member of the world? What is the latest thing you learned from your mistakes? How much effort do you put into your clean conscience? Do you keep learning? Have you found your domains of success?

Motivators will vary from person to person; but one thing remains common: They are not external factors; instead, they are internal compensations. When you discover and place motivators on top of your hygiene factors, life satisfaction will follow.

The balance point between hygiene factors and motivators is defined by the boundary between your needs and desires.

Ideally; hygenie factors should fulfill your needs, and the remaining resources (such as time) can be allocated to motivators. If hygenie factors leak towards your desires, life imbalances might emerge.

Personal Example

In my life; I fulfill my hygenie factors using the money I make from SAP software architecture. I limit the quantity of items I possess; whenever I buy something new, I definitely give something else away. If I make an expanse purchase, it is probably due to a quality factor I “need” – not something shallow that I “want”. This way, I intend to keep the hygenie factors at bay without leaking towards desires.

In terms of motivators, I write books and articles to share my knowledge on areas of my expertise. I also teach occasionally. Personal development via research and yoga is another central aspect of my life. Overall; I feel like I’m improving my being constantly, and helping others grow meanwhile.

Those are small highlights from my own life. I’m sure everyone can find or build their own.

Conclusion

As in many other subjects, “balance” is the key concept of the two factors. If you can’t fulfill your basic needs, you can’t really get any satisfaction from motivators; but  without any motivators, hygiene factors won’t satisfy you either.

Everyone is unique, and everyone can find a personal balance point of two factors.

Spotify vs Apple Music

Being an active musician, I was an advocate of having a music archive of offline MP3 files. However; due to the popularity of stream services, I decided to give it a shot.

Spotify and Apple Music were obvious choices. In terms of hardware, I live in the Apple universe; so Apple Music was supposed to be an obvious choice. On the other hand, I heard many good things about Spotify as well.

I ended up picking Spotify over Apple Music and deleting most of my offline MP3 files.

I would like to share my highly subjective personal comparison experience; where I might have missed some features of the respective services. Nevertheless, the overall comparison could be useful to you.

Spotify

Pros

Public Playlists

Spotify seems to have a much larger database of playlists because users are able to create & publish playlists on will. Therefore, search results are more satisfying in a number of ways.

First of all, I can run a search like “Sunday Morning Country” and I’m almost guaranteed to make a hit.

Another point is, I can discover surprise songs or artists over those playlists because a vast variety of people with different musical tastes put them together.

This is clearly an advantage of Spotify because Apple seems to limit public playlists to curators.

Similar Songs

In terms of discovery, Spotify has a neat feature: If you play a single song, it keeps playing similar songs – unless you disable this feature in settings. This feature carries the discovery option beyond playlists of the community.

I am not aware of such a feature in Apple Music.

Social

Spotify provides basic but neat options in terms of social media. Every Spotify user gets an URL pointing his/her profile (mine is http://open.spotify.com/user/keremkoseoglu ). This URL contains a profile picture and public playlists of the user. It is a good way to give the world an overall impression of what you are listening to, or a cover band could make their setlist public via this feature.

It is also possible to follow Facebook friends over Spotify to see what they are listening to.

As far as I know, Apple Music lacks such features completely.

Free Offline Play

If you want to play your favourite streams offline, Spotify gives this opportunity for free. You can download any stream to your computer or smartphone and listen offline anytime.

In theory, Apple provides a similar functionality; but with a catch: Even if you want to create a simple playlist, you must subscribe to iCloud music library, which forcefully uploads your local MP3 files to the cloud and costs ~1$ per month if you exceed 5GB (that includes your contacts, other files, calendars, backups, etc as well). So in practice, Apple makes you lean towards the direction where you pay 1$ per month to create any stream playlist.

Although Apple theoretically provides this functionality for free, Spotify provides it free for real. Therefore, Spotify has the upper hand here.

Superior Interface

This is a highly subjective matter. However; in my opinion, the user interface of Spotify is very good. The fade in / out effect and the dark background gives a smooth feeling.

Apple, on the other hand, has the usual bright white iTunes interface with Apple TV-like shelves of albums and presents tons of ugly scrollbars. It isn’t really pretty.

I wouldn’t pick an application over others just because it has a pretty UI; but it certainly contributes to the overall user experience. This is one of the winning points of Spotify.

Cons

Vendor Lock In

Spotify doesn’t give you an opportunity to download MP3 files. If I decide that I don’t want to pay Spotify any further, I’m left alone without any music file on my computer.

I can keep offline copies of music files on my computer or phone; but those are encrypted and can only be played using the Spotify app.

If you consider Apple Music as a streaming platform, the same applies to Apple as well. However; iTunes platform lets you purchase digital music files as well – which literally are your property and can be downloaded in MP3 format any time you want.

If you would like to purchase legal digital music files for any purpose (like changing the pitch for practicing or syncing into an offline MP3 player), Apple has an edge here because it gives you an option for that. It is not part of the streaming business, but at the end of the day, Spotify feels more like a vendor lock in.

Apple Music

Pros

Single App

Apple has merged various features on one single platform called iTunes. Using only one application, you can stream music, purchase MP3’s, add MP3’s from other sources, rent / purchase movies, stream free Internet radio, etc. iTunes can organise your local file system as well – it breaks music files under folders categorised by artist and album.

Spotify’s application lets you stream music and include local MP3’s and that’s it.

If you are looking for an all-in-one solution, Apple has the distinct advantage here. If you are a best-of-breed picker, you’ll have to compare Spotify and Apple Music alone and ignore other features of iTunes.

Smart Playlist

Smart playlist is an area where Apple has a distinct advantage.

We all can define manual playlists by adding songs one by one. However, Apple gives us the opportunity to write formulas to dynamically create playlists which update themselves automatically as we add new songs to our library.

For instance; I can create a playlist which includes all of my rock songs but excludes songs from the band Beautiful Disaster. This playlist will automatically update itself as I add more rock songs over time.

Another example: I can merge songs of 5 artists + a manually managed playlist under a smart playlist. Whenever I add a new song of those artists or update the manual playlist, the smart playlist is updated automatically.

Spotify doesn’t have such a functionality. The closest you can get is to put your playlist under a folder. By playing the entire folder, you can include songs from all the playlists.

For simple requirements, Apple’s smart playlist feature may look like overkill. However; more advanced users will appreciate this feature.

Sorting Playlists

Apple music playlists can be displayed in a file browser fashion and songs can be sorted by various criteria; such as the last time they were played. This is a very good feature for musicians (like me) who would like to practice their playlists daily – it is a good way to ensure that each song gets practiced. Dozens of other columns can also be added for sorting.

Spotify lets us sort by song name, artist name or date added, and that’s it. I saw users requesting additional columns on forums, but Spotify didn’t do anything about it yet.
In case you need to sort your playlist by peculiar columns or display select columns for a specific playlist, Apple has a distinct advantage at this time.

Cons

Public Playlists

Apple loves controlling things. They are totally in control of their hardware & software, which enables them to create arguably more stable products. They also control the apps on their App Store in order to improve the user experience and prevent malicious bugs / viruses.

It seems like Apple has projected their control tendency towards Apple Music as well. The playlists I have found on Apple Music were created by curators or artists that Apple has picked. As far as I know, rest of the community can’t create publicly searchable playlists.

Result? I feel like I’m limited to the taste of a few people to discover new music; not the entire music community. And the playlists I have inspected felt “sterile”; which means they mostly contain main stream pieces of their respective genre. I was never surprised to discover a peculiarly beautiful song or artist.

Spotify enables it’s community to publicly create playlists and has the edge here.

I generally favour Apple’s control over their hardware & software to provide a stable user experience; but limiting the playlists might have gimped the community contribution.

Artist Overview

When I discover a new artist or simply want to listen to an artist I love, I tend to listen to all of his/her songs; including all the available albums.

In my experience; Apple doesn’t enable such a feature easily. One could do a workaround by creating a playlist including all the albums of the desired artist; but this is simply an extra workload.

Considering that I can listen to the entire library of an artist on Spotify with a simple click, this is a disadvantage on behalf of Apple Music.

iCloud Music Library

Basically, Apple forces us to use its iCloud Music Library service in order to create playlists including songs from Apple Music.

At first sight, this seems reasonable. Apple uses iCloud in any scenario where you need to share content between multiple Apple devices. Your contacts, calendars, etc are all shared over iCloud.

The catch is; if you have offline MP3 files on your computer, activating iCloud Music Library will force-upload them to iCloud as well. And, iCloud offers only 5 GB’s of free space. If you want to upgrade it to 50 GB, you have to pay ~1$ per month.

This might look like small amount, but considering that Apple has 13M subscribers, this strategy leans towards the direction where Apple would earn an extra 13M$ per month.
Spotify, on the other hand, makes playlists available to any device without any additional subscription.

Apple could have easily given us the opportunity to create “Apple Music Only” playlists, but they simply didn’t.

If you don’t have a large number of offline MP3 files, this might not disturb you at all. However; Apple has a notorious history of iCloud file system bugs and posting DRM’s over legally owned MP3 files. Therefore, I subjectively don’t trust Apple with storing any file on iCloud.

Because I don’t want my offline MP3 files anywhere on iCloud, this point is a clear disadvantage for me.

Play Experience

This might be a personal issue due to my location or Internet connection, but I’m not completely satisfied with the listening experience of Apple Music. When I start playing a song, I have to wait a few seconds before it actually starts playing. I have also experienced pauses while listening.

Spotify has provided a seamless listening experience so far.

Although I can’t empirically blame Apple for this issue, I evaluate this as a negative personal user experience.

Verdict

Let’s do a summary of my evaluation.

Spotify offers a great community and a good opportunity to discover new songs & artists; as well as a nice user interface. However, it does nothing but streaming music, and internal playlist options are limited. As of today, it has around 40M paid users.

Apple Music is part of an all-in-one solution; covering streaming, purchasing music, free Internet radio, renting movies, etc. Internal playlist options are very strong. However; its playlists are too sterile – opportunities of discovery are relatively slim. It also lacks community interaction and nudges subscribers towards a paid iCloud account. As of today, it has around 13M paid users.

All in all, I picked Spotify over Apple Music for streaming purposes. Spotify happily accepted my rare local MP3 files as well, and there was no reason to keep the rest of my library (30 GB).

However, I’m still using iTunes to rent movies. That’s another business.

Temel Sunum Teknikleri

Aşağıda, sunum teknikleri ile ilgili verdiğim bir eğitimden alınmış bazı notar bulunmaktadır. Bu konuda profesyonel bir eğitim almanın faydası tartışılmazdır. Ancak; bu kısa notlar da temel anlamda yol gösterecektir.

İçerik

Sunum Slide’larınızı kelime ve cümlelerle şişirmek yerine, söylediklerinizi destekleyecek ve harita görevi görecek minimalist piktogramlar olarak değerlendirin.

Slide’larınızın başlıkları, baştan sonra bir hikaye akışı ifade etmelidir. İlk Slide, vurucu bir giriş içermelidir: Bir istatistik, katılımcılar arasında yapılacak bir mini oylama, çarpıcı bir itiraf veya cevabı sunumun sonunda verilecek bir soru olabilir. Son Slide ise mesajınızı içermelidir.

Sunumunuzun provasını yaparak, sürenize göre hangi Slide’da nereye gelmiş olmanız gerektiğini yaklaşık olarak kestirin. Eğer süreyi ayarlayamazsanız, arada birkaç Slide atlayıp nihai mesajınızı mutlaka verin.

Tell-Show-Tell yöntemi çerçevesinde; her bölümün başında ne söyleyeceğinizi belirtin, sonra bunu gösterin, en sonunda da ne söylediğinizi herkesin anlayacağı bir dilde tekrar özetleyin. Bunu her bir bölümde yapmanın yanı sıra, önemli Slide’larda hatta sunumun genelinde de yapabilirsiniz.

Konuşma

Cümlelerin arasında EEE veya III şeklinde duraksamalar yapılmamalıdır. Bu duraksamaları mutlaka yapmanız gerekiyorsa içinizden sessizce yapın. Bu şekilde, cümlelerinizde bulunması gereken boşlukları doğal bir yoldan koymuş olursunuz ve ifadeniz nefes almaya başlar.

Gazetelerdeki haberleri düşünürsek puntoları üçe ayırabiliriz: Başlık, özet ve detay. Eğer sunumdaki bir cümle başlık niteliğindeyse, çok yavaş ve yüksek sesle söylenmelidir. Özet niteliğindeyse, başlıktan bir derece daha hızlı ve sessiz söylenmelidir; ancak normal konuşmamızdan daha yavaş ve yüksek olmak kaydıyla. Sunumdaki detay konuşmalar ise, normal konuşma hızında ve seviyesinde olmalıdır. Bu çeşitlilik sunumun dinamizmini arttırır.

Uzun cümleler kurulmamalıdır. Bu hem izleyicilerin takibini zorlaştırır, hem de cümlenin başıyla sonunun başka yerlere gitmesi veya anlam düşüklüğü yaratması gibi sakıncalar doğurur. Standart bir sunum cümlesi 5-6 kelimeyi geçmemelidir; uzun cümleleri birkaç cümleye bölmeye çalışın. Noktadan başka noktalama işareti yokmuş gibi konuşabilirsiniz.

Beden dili

İzleyenler ile aranıza; masa, kavuşturulmuş kol, dosya gibi bir engel koymamaya çalışın.

Masaya yaslanmak, bir tarafa kaykılarak durmak gibi düşük enerji işaretlerinden kaçının; aksi takdirde bu durum izleyicilere de yansır. Dik ve enerjik gözükün, sahnede alan kaplayın.

İzleyicinin dikkatini dağıtacak ve katma değeri olmayan hareketlerden kaçının. Tipik örnekler: Sahnede volta atmak, sağa sola sallanmak, anlamsız el hareketleri yapmak olabilir. Ancak; volta atmak yerine izleyici hakimiyeti için sahnenin farklı noktalarını kullanmak iyi bir fikirdir. Sağa sola sallanmak yerine izleyicilerle göz teması kurarak değişik zamanlarda farklı yönlere dönmek iyi bir fikirdir. El hareketlerini kavramların gözde canlanması için yardımcı olarak kullanmak iyi bir fikirdir.

Aynı kabilden dikkat edilecek bir diğer nokta; kas hafızanızdır. Dikkatiniz dağıldığında, yalnızken sık yaptığınız saçla oynama, boyun kaşıma, vb hareketler vuku bulabilir. Sunumda bu tarz kas hafızası hareketlerinden kaçının.

Çevresel faktörler

Kıyafetiniz ortama, konsepte ve kültüre uygun olsun.

Cebinizde şıngırdayacak bozuk para, anahtarlık, vb şeyler olmasın.

Sunuma giderken, kendi bilgisayarınızdan sunmama durumunda yanınıza birkaç farklı formatta alın (PPT, PPTX, PDF gibi). Aynı zamanda E-Posta veya Cloud üzerinde bir yerde de bulunursa iyi olur. Presenters Note bölümünün teknik bir sebepten ötürü gösterilemeyebileceğini hesaba katın; gerekirse notlarınızı ayrı küçük kağıtlara veya tabletinize yükleyin.

İzleyiciler

Eğer sunum sırasında tavrıyla sizi zorlayacak kişiler olursa, aşağıdaki yöntemlerden birini deneyebilirsiniz.

Sert yaklaşım: Kötü niyetle soru soran birini; cevabını bilemeyeceği ve tercihan niyetini ortaya koyan bir karşı soru sorarak ekarte etmek mümkündür.

Orta halli yaklaşım: Kişinin söylediğinde haksız olduğu noktayı ortaya koyup, bir de haklı olduğu nokta ortaya çıkarmaktır. Böylece kişi fazla rencide olmayacak, ancak söz almadan önce tekrar düşünecektir.

Yumuşak yaklaşım: Soru soran kişiye ilgisi için teşekkür edip; sunum süresinin kısalığına işaret ederek sunum sonrasında birebir görüşmek üzere söz verebilirsiniz.

Taviz yaklaşımı: Soru soran kişi konumu gereği kritik bir noktadaysa; doğrudan yanlışlamak yerine soru sorarak doğru cevabı kendi ağzından almayı deneyebilirsiniz. Bu esnada sunum sürenize dikkat edin.

Sessiz yaklaşım: Sunum sırasında kendi arasında konuşan veya ilgilenmeyen kişiler varsa, cümlenizi tamamladıktan sonra sessiz durup o kişilere doğru bakabilirsiniz; bu çok güçlü bir tenkittir. Dikkatleri tekrar size geldikten sonraki cümlenizi yine o tarafa doğru kurun ve sunumun akışına devam edin. Yersiz bir soru soran birine karşı uygulanabilecek sert bir tepki de budur; hiç cevap vermeden “Konuşmaya devam et” dercesine o kişiye bakmaya devam edin, sessizliğin yarattığı gerginlikten ötürü muhtemelen konuşmaya devam edecek ve ortaya attığı şey konusunda kendi kendini ele verecektir.

Quick SAP Tip: Get Rid of Stuck Truck Icon in STMS

In case SAP thinks that some transport requests in STMS are still imported and keeps displaying the truck icon next to them, you might get frustrated.

The solution is simple though: Just delete the corresponding entries in table TPSTAT, and you are good to go.

This is a risky approach, though. If the requests are actually being transported, removing them from TPSTAT might trigger some unpredictable behaviour. If you are 100% sure that TP is doing nothing about them, you might try this little hack.